in History ~ March 22
Emancipation Day, in Puerto Rico
1457 - Gutenberg Bible is the first
1556 - Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes archbishop of Canterbury
1622 - 1st Indian (Powhattan) massacre of whites Jamestown, Va; 347 slain
1630 - 1st colonial legislation prohibiting gambling enacted (Boston)
1638 - Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Mass Bay Colony
1733 - Joseph Priestly invents carbonated water (seltzer)
1765 - Britain enacted the Stamp Act (1st direct British tax on colonists) to raise money from the American colonies and repealed it the following year.
1778 - Captain Cook sights Cape Flattery, in Washington state
1794 - Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
1820 - U.S. naval hero Stephen Decatur was killed in a duel with Commodore James Barron near Washington, D.C. [H]
1822 - Gioacchino Rossini marries Isabella Colbran in Bologna
1841 - Cornstarch patented (Orlando Jones)
1865 - Raid at Wilson's: Chickaswas AL to Macon GA
1871 - William Holden of NC becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
1872 - Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
1873 - Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico
1874 - Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
1882 - Congress outlaws polygamy again (First time was July 1 1862) with the Edmunds Act to suppress polygamy in the territories; bad news for Mormons
1895 - Auguste & Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience
1903 - Niagera Falls runs out of water because of a drought
1922 - British court sentences Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years in prison
1927 - Federico Garcia Lorca's "El Maleficio," premieres in Madrid
1928 - Noel Coward's musical "This Year of Grace," premieres in London
1929 - USCG vessel sinks Canadian schooner suspected of carrying liquor
1933 - During Prohibition, President Franklin Roosevelt signed a measure to make wine and beer containing up to 3.2 percent alcohol legal.
1935 - Blood tests authorized as evidence in court cases (NY)
1941 - Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River in Washington began producing electric power for the Pacific Northwest.
1942 - Sir Stanford Cripps, British statesman, arrives in India for talks with Mohandas Gandhi on Indian independence [H]
1942 - Heavy German assault on Malta
1943 - SS police chief Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
1944 - 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin
1945 - The Arab League was formed with the adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt.
1945 - US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
1946 - Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan
1947 - President Truman orders loyalty checks of federal employees [H]
1954 - 1st shopping mall opened in Southfield, Mich
1956 - Musical "Mr Wonderful" with Sammy Davis Jr premieres in NYC
1958 - Faisal succeeds Saudi as king of Saudi-Arabia
1960 - 1st patent for lasers, granted to Arthur Schawlow & Charles Townes
1963 - British Minister of War John Profumo denies having sex with Christine Keeler
1965 - US confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong
1968 - President Johnson recalled Gen. William Westmoreland as commander of U.S. troops in Vietnam and made him Army chief of staff. Gen. Creighton Abrams took over in Saigon.
1968 - Opera diva Jarmila Novotna resigns presidency of Czechoslovakia
1968 - Lynda Johnson ordered off SF cable car for eating an ice cream cone
1972 - The Senate passed and sent to the states for ratification the 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, a measure popularly known as the Equal Rights Amendment. However It fell three states short of the 38 needed for approval and failed to ratify it before the deadline.
1977 - Indira Gandhi resigns as PM of India
1979 - Israeli parliament approves peace treaty with Egypt
1986 - Ice Pairs Championship at Geneva won by Gordeeva & Grinkov (URS), Ladies Figure Skating won by Debi Thomas (USA)
1987 - Chad troops drove Libyan forces from a key airstrip in northern Chad, apparently ending Moammar Gadhafi's seven year occupation. The Libyans abandoned $500 million worth of Soviet-made tanks and airplanes.
1988 - Congress overrides Reagan's veto of sweeping civil rights bill
1989 - US Supreme Court upholds 1 person 1 vote rule of NYC Board of Estimate
1990 - Anchorage jury finds Capt Hazelwood innocent of Valdez oil spill
1991 - Law enforcement officers raid fraternities at U of Va seizing drugs
1991 - A U.S. warplane shot down a second Iraqi jet fighter that had violated the cease-fire ending the Persian Gulf War.
1991 - High school instructor Pamela Smart, accused of manipulating her student-lover into killing her husband, was convicted in Exeter, N.H., of murder-conspiracy.
1992 - 27 people were killed when a US Air plane bound for Cleveland skidded off a runway at New York's LaGuardia Airport during a snowstorm and landed in the bay.
1993 - A U.S. nuclear submarine collided with a Russian nuclear sub in a Russian training area in the Barents Sea. There were no casualties.
1993 - Intel introduces Pentium-processor (80586) 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS
1995 - Brian "Kato" Kaelin, a houseguest at O.J. Simpson's estate, testified at the former athlete's double murder trial in Los Angeles.
1995 - Convicted Long Island Rail Road gunman Colin Ferguson was sentenced to life in prison for killing six people.
1996 - The shuttle Atlantis carrying astronaut Shannon Lucid to a rendezvous with the Russian space station "Mir," blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
1997 - "Sunset Boulevard," closes at Minskoff NYC after 977 performances
1997 - Comet Hale-Bopp Closest Approach to Earth (1.315 AU about 122 million miles.)
1997 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Tara Lipinski(USA)
2000 - Journeying to the cradle of Christianity, Pope John Paul II knelt and prayed in Bethlehem at the traditional spot of Jesus' birth. Visited a Palestinian refugee camp and declared the conditions there to be degrading.
2000 - Some 1,100 women denied jobs with the now-defunct U.S. Information Agency and its broadcast branch, the Voice of America, won $508 million from the government in the largest-ever settlement of a federal sex discrimination case.
2001 - Five people were wounded when a teenager opened fire at a school in El Cajon, Calif. The alleged gunman was then shot and seriously wounded by police.
1599 - Anthony Van Dyck, Flemish painter (Charles I of England)
1752 - Johann Georg Joseph Spangler, composer
1797 - Kaiser Wilhelm I, German emperor (1871-88)
1817 - Braxton Bragg, Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1876
1842 - Mykola Vytal'yevich Lysenko, composer
1865 - Theophile Ysaye, composer
1868 - Robert A Millikan, US physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923)
1887 - Chico (Leonard) Marx (comedian; the Marx Brother who wore the hat: Animal Crackers, A Day at the Races, Duck Soup)
1905 - Ruth Page, US choreographer/ballet leader (Diaghilev, Pygmalion)
1907 - James Gavin, US, 82nd Airborne Div General (Sicily/Normandy)
1908 - Louis D L'Amour, Jamestown ND, author (Hondo, Jubal Sackett)
1913 - Martha Modl, German singer/soprano (Wagner)
1914 - Karl Malden (Mladen Sekulovich) (actor: Streets of San Francisco, Streetcar Named Desire, The Sting, How the West was Won, On the Waterfront; spokesperson: American Express commercials)
1917 - Virginia Grey (actress: The Rose Tattoo, Bachelor in Paradise)
1920 - Ross Martin (Rosenblatt) (actor: Wild Wild West, Dying Room Only)
1920 - Werner Klemperer (Emmy Award-winning actor: Hogan's Heroes [1967-68], Ship of Fools)
1923 - Marcel Marceau (Mangel) (mime: famous quote from Marceau "!"; spoke in Silent Movie - the only speaking part in the film)
1924 - Bill Wendell (announcer: Tonight, Late Night with David Letterman)
1927 - Mstislav Rostropovich, cellist/conductor/composer [3/12 OS]
1928 - Dmitri Antonovitch Volkogonov, soldier/historian
1928 - Easy Ed (Edward) Macauley (basketball)
1930 - Stephen Sondheim (composer: Send In The Clowns, A Little Night Music; scores for West Side Story, Reds, Gypsy, Dick Tracy)
1931 - William Shatner (actor: Star Trek, Rescue 9-1-1, T.J. Hooker)
1933 - May Britt (Maybritt Wilkens) (actress: The Hunters, Haunts)
1935 - M[ichael] Emmet Walsh, Ogdensburg NY, actor (Wildcats, War Party)
1936 - Gene Oliver (baseball)
1936 - Glen Campbell (singer: By the Time I Get to Phoenix, Galveston, Rhinestone Cowboy, Wichita Lineman; studio guitarist: Beach Boys ; host: Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour; actor: True Grit, Norwood, The Homecoming)
1936 - May Britt, Sweden, actress (Young Lions)/wife of Sammy Davis Jr
1936 - Roger Whittaker, Nairobi Kenya, country singer (Durham Town)
1937 - Johnny Ferguson (singer)
1940 - Dave Keon (Hockey Hall of Famer: NHL Rookie of the Year : Toronto Maple Leafs; Lady Byng Trophy [1962 & 1963]; Stanley Cup playoff MVP )
1940 - Dick Ellsworth (baseball)
1941 - Bob Leiter (hockey)
1943 - George Benson (singer: This Masquerade, On Broadway, Give Me the Night; session guitarist: CTI Records)
1944 - Jeremy Clyde (singer: group: Chad & Jeremy: Yesterday's Gone, A Summer Song, Willow Weep for Me, Before & After)
1946 - Don Chaney (basketball)
1947 - Lemar Green (basketball)
1948 - Andrew Lloyd Webber (composer: Jesus Christ Superstar, Hair, Cats, Phantom of the Opera)
1952 - Bob Costas (Robert Quinlan), Queens NY, sportscaster/talk show host (Later)
1970 - Reggie White, NFL nose tackle (Philadelphia, Green Bay)
1972 - Elvis Stojko, Richmond Hill Ontario, (Oly-silver-94)
2228 - James T. Kirk (Captain of the Starship Enterprise NCC1701)
0337 - Constantine, Emperor of
Rome, dies at 47
1471 - George van Podiebrad, king of Bohemia (1458-71), dies
1743 - Jean-Baptiste Lully, Ital/Fr composer (Forced Marriage), dies at 77
1758 - Jonathan Edwards, theologian/philosopher (Original Sin), dies at 54
1820 - Stephen Decatur, killed in a duel with Com James Barron at 41 [H]
1832 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, writer (Faust, Sorrows of Young Werther, Egmont), dies at 82
1958 - Michael Todd, producer (Around the World in 80 Days), dies in plane crash at 56
1978 - Karl Wallenda, the 73-year-old patriarch of "The Flying Wallendas" high-wire act, fell to his death while attempting to walk a cable strung between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
1994 - Walter Lantz, US cartoonist (Woody Woodpecker), dies at 93
2001 - William Hanna, who with partner Joseph Barbera created such beloved cartoon characters as Fred Flintstone, Yogi Bear, Tom and Jerry, Snagglepuss, Top Cat, Magilla Gorilla, Scooby Doo, Quick Draw McGraw and his sidekick Baba Louie, died Thursday at age 90.
If you have other Birthdays or events to add for this day please E-mail me